Keratoconus

Keratoconus Services from Your Dallas Optometrist   

 One important reason to see our Dallas eye doctor for regular vision exams is to get an early diagnosis of any significant eye disorder. One example is keratoconus.  Our Optique Inc optometrist screens for this condition during exams to make sure all affected patients receive treatment as early as possible.

Keratoconus chart.

Overview of This Disorder

Keratoconus is a condition that develops when an eye’s cornea thins and bulges over time into a shape resembling a cone.  The cornea is the clear surface of the front of the eye with a dome-like shape.

A cone shape results in blurry vision and, in some cases, sensitivities to light and glare.  The condition typically develops in both eyes between the ages of 10 and 25 and might advance for a decade or longer.

Tiny collagen fibers normally hold the cornea in the proper position.  However, when these fibers weaken, they can no longer stop the cornea from bulging and assuming a cone shape.  A decrease in antioxidants that protect these collagen fibers can cause this problem.

Changes in the cornea could occur rapidly or over a few years.  Healthcare providers have no way to predict potential progression.  Although symptoms might change as the condition advances, these are the most common:

    • Distorted or blurred vision
    • Growing sensitivity to glare and bright light, causing nighttime driving problems
    • Frequent changes in corrective eyewear prescriptions
    • Sudden clouding or worsening of vision

Keratoconus Treatment Options

In the early stages of keratoconus, treatment typically includes prescription glasses for vision correction.  Many individuals eventually find it necessary to use contact lenses or other types of treatment to improve their vision.  The progressive choices might be soft, rigid gas permeable, piggyback, hybrid, and scleral contact lenses.

Some patients benefit from the use of a collagen cross-linking therapy that slows the progression of the disorder.  This therapy strengthens the corneas to help them maintain the correct shape by utilizing eye drops with vitamin B12 plus directed ultraviolet light.

Another option is the use of corneal implants called intacts.  This help restores the cornea to a more appropriate curve.  When disease progression exceeds the ability of all these options to correct vision sufficiently, our eye doctor will recommend a corneal transplant.

Schedule an Exam with our Dallas Eye Doctor!

Take a proactive step toward protecting your vision by scheduling regular vision exams with our eye doctor in Dallas.  Our Optique Inc practice is an optical clinic and boutique that provides excellent eye care services plus the latest in designer eyewear.  We care for your eyes using state-of-the-art instrumentation and technology.  Be sure to call us today at (214) 252-1800 to schedule an appointment with our optometrist.